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Languages in India | Exploring India

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Language is a mode of communication in which people contact each other. The languages in India belong to several language families namely, Indo-Aryan language and Dravidian language. Indo-Aryan language is spoken by 72% of people and the Dravidian language is spoken by 25% of people in India. Other languages which help to communicate belong to Austro-Asiatic, Tibeto-Burman. There are a lot of languages spoken in India namely Tamil, Telugu, English, Hindi, etc. The primary official language spoken in India is Hindi, while the secondary official language is English. There is a mixture of people living in India with different religions, cultures, feelings, and faith. Every people have their own mother tongues. Some surveys convey that there are 1652 different mother tongues in India.

India is regarded as the hometown of 398 languages out of which 11 are non-existence. The languages spoken in North India are not understood by the South-Indian, similarly, the languages spoken in South India are not understood by the North- Indian. So the Constitution of India accepted 22 languages as an official language known as Scheduled Language and it constitutes the major languages in India. Some of the languages spoken in North India are Bengali, Marathi, Kashmiri, and Punjabi.

StateLanguage
Andhra Pradesh Telugu
Urdu
Arunachal Pradesh Monpa
Miji
Aka
Sherdukpen
Nyishi
Apatani
Tagin
Hill Miri
Adi
Digaru Mismi
Idu-Mishmi
Khamti
Miju Mishmi
Nocte
Tangsa
Wancho
Assam Assamese
Bengali
Bihar Hindi
Urdu
Santhali
Chhattishgarh Hindi
Goa Konkani
Marathi
Gujarat Gujarati
Haryana Hindi
Punjabi
Urdu
Himachal Pradesh Hindi
Punjabi
Kinnauri
Pahari
Jammu & Kashmir Urdu
Kashmiri
Dogri
Pahari
Balti
Ladakhi
Purig
Punjabi
Gurji
Dadri
Jharkhand Hindi
Urdu
Maithli
Bhojpuri
Karnataka Kannada
Kerala Malayalam
Madhya Pradesh Hindi
MaharashtraMarathi
Manipur Manipuri
MeghalayaKhasi
Garo
English
Mizoram Mizo 
English
Nagaland Angami
Ao
Chang
Konyak
Lotha
Sangtam
Sema 
Chakhesang
Orissa Oriya
Punjab Punjabi
Rajasthan Rajasthani
Hindi
Sikkim Lepcha
Bhutia
Hindi
Nepali 
Limbu
Tamil Nadu Tamil
Tripura Bengali
Manipuri
Kokborak
Uttar PradeshHindi
Urdu
Uttaranchal Hindi
Garhwali
Kumaoni
West BengalBengali
Andaman & Nicobar IslandsBengali
Hindi
Telugu
Tamil & Malayalam
Nicobarese
Chandigarh Hindi
Punjabi
English
Daman & Diu Gujarati
Hindi
Marathi
Dadra & Nagar HaveliBhili
Gujarati
Bhilodi
Marathi
Hindi
Delhi Hindi
Punjabi
Urdu
English
Lakshadweep  Jeseri (Dweep Bhasha)
Mahal and Malayalam
PondicheryTamil
Telugu
Malayalam
English
French


Last updated: May 30, 2021

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